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Holmes, William Henry

Born: 1846 AD
Died: 1933 AD, at 86 years of age.

Nationality: American
Categories: Administrator, Anthropologist, Archaeologist


1846 - Born on December 1st near Cadiz, Ohio. American archaeologist, artist, and museum director who helped to establish professional archaeology in the United States.

1872 - Holmes became interested in geology while serving as artist on a survey of the Rocky Mountains.

1875 - Trained as an artist, his interests turned to archaeology when exploring ancient cliff dwellings in the arid SW with the US Geological Survey.

1884 - After becoming honorary curator of aboriginal ceramics  for the Museum, Holmes made his first field trip to Mexico, visiting Puebla, Cholula, Oaxaca, and Mexico City.

1892 - Holmes prepared exhibits for the four hundredth anniversary of Columbus's landfall, including displays of life-size figures of native Americans.

1895 - A visit to the Yucatan while he was curator of anthropology at the Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago, stimulated a major contribution to Mesoamerican archaeology, the illustrated Archaeological Studies among the Ancient Cities of Mexico.

1897 - As chief of the Bureau of American Ethnology, Holmes resumed fieldwork.

1902 - He worked at the Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC, for much of his career, acting as chief of the Bureau of American Ethnology.

1907 - He traveled to Cuba and Jamaica, and attended inter-American scientific meetings in Chile.

1909 - Holmes simultaneously held the positions Curator of anthropology at the United States National Museum and Curator of the Smithsonian's Gallery of Art.

1916 - He traveled in Guatemala and Honduras, studied Mayan architecture at Copan and collected more pottery.

1920 - The director of the National Gallery of Art.

1933 - Died on April 20th in Royal Oak, Michigan.


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