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Hofmannsthal, Hugo von

Born: 1874 AD
Died: 1929 AD
Nationality: Austrian
Categories: Dramatist, Playwrights, Poets

1874 – Hugo von Hofmannsthal, born on the 1st of February in Vienna, Austria. He was an Austrian novelist, librettist, poet, dramatist, narrator, and essayist.

1891 – He met the German poet Stefan George at the age of seventeen and had several poems published in George’s journal, Blätter für die Kunst.

1901 – He studied law and later philology in Vienna but decided to devote himself to writing upon graduating.

1902 – Published a fictive letter titled simply "Ein Brief" (A Letter).

1909 – 1933 – He met the composer Richard Strauss, and wrote libretti for several of his operas, including Elektra, Der Rosenkavalier, Ariadne auf Naxos, Die Frau ohne Schatten, Die Ägyptische Helena, and Arabella.

1912 – He adapted the 15th century English morality play Everyman as Jedermann, and Jean Sibelius (amongst others) wrote incidental music for it.

1920 – The play became a staple at the Salzburg Festival, which Hofmannsthal founded with Max Reinhardt.

1929 – He died on the 15th of July of a stroke two days after the suicide of his son Franz in Rodaun, Vienna.