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Hitler, Adolf

Born: 1889 AD
Died: 1945 AD
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1889 – Born in Braunau, Austria; it was the birth of a German Nazi dictator, orator, and politician

 

1907 – Went to Vienna to fulfill his dream of becoming an artist but he failed in his exam to the Academy of Fine Arts

 

1913 – Immigrated to Bavaria.

 

1914-1918 – Fought in Bavarian regiment in World War I, receiving Iron Cross, First Class.

 

1919 – Joined German Workers’ Party in Munich.

 

1920 – Placed in charge of propaganda for German Workers’ Party (name changed to Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeitpartei also Nazi German Workers’ Party)

 

1921 – Named president of Nazi Party, with dictatorial power over party apparatus

 

         – Gained support of Erich Ludendorff

 

1923 – Using Erich Ludendorff as figurehead, led unsuccessful attempt to overthrow Bavarian government (Beer Hall Putsch), in Munich.

 

         – Led the Storm Troopers of more than 2, 000 individuals for the purpose of seizing the Bavarian government.

 

         – It failed and he got arrested and sentenced to five years in prison.

 

1923-1924 – Imprisoned in Landsberg fortress.

 

         – While in prison, wrote "Mein Kampf" (also "My Struggle" dictated to Rudolf Hess)

 

         – In 1924, he got prematurely paroled.

 

1929 – Resumed Nazi organizational and propagandist activities, gaining many converts due largely to worsening economy and rising nationalism.

 

1930 – Protested against paying the debt of Germany during the World War I and blamed the burden to the Jews and Communists.

 

1932 – Candidate for president of Germany, but only garnered 40% of the votes so he got defeated by Paul von Hindenburg.

 

         – Helped secure lifting of ban on Nazi Storm Troops, leading to period of increased street skirmishes with opposition groups.

 

1933 – Offered chancellorship after resignation of Franz von Papen, but declined upon failing to receive guarantee of full power.

 

         – After resignation of Kurt von Schleicher, appointed chancellor by Paul von Hindenburg

 

         – Declared national boycott of Jewish-owned businesses.

 

         – Declared Nazi Party to be sole official political party.

 

         – Withdrew Germany from League of Nations.

 

1933-1945 – Chancellor of Germany.

 

         – Oversaw passage of Civil Service Law 1933, enabling dismissal of non-Aryan public officials.

 

1934 – Was granted dictatorial powers, lasting through 1937, as result of Enabling Act passed by Reichstag

 

         – Established summary People’s Court, to try cases of treason.

 

         – Instigated Great Blood Purge, executing seventy-four people, including senior party officials, for alleged plot against Hitler regime.

 

         – Upon death of Paul von Hindenburg, received title of president (confirmed by plebiscite), assumed title of Fuhrer, and gained dictatorial powers on permanent basis.

 

1935 – Following favorable plebiscite in Saar basin, reincorporated Saar region of France into Germany

 

         – Repudiated disarmament clauses of Versailles Treaty and reinstituted compulsory military service.

 

         – Instituted Nuremberg Laws, depriving Jews of civil rights and banning intermarriage between Jews and Gentiles.

 

1936 – Repudiated Locarno Pacts and reoccupied Rhineland.

 

         – With Galeazzo Ciano, negotiated formation of Berlin-Rome Axis.

 

         – Concluded pact with Japan.

 

         – Recognized Francisco Franco regime as government of Spain.

 

1938 – Invaded and annexed Austria (Anschluss)

 

         – In response to separatist agitation by ethnic Germans in Sudetenland region of Czechoslovakia, annexed Sudetenland, annexation recognized by major powers in Munich Pact of 1938.

 

1938-1945 – German defense minister, intending to exert direct control over military operations

 

         – Throughout chancellorship, directed systematic oppression and extermination (Holocaust) of ethnic, religious, and social minorities, especially Jews.

 

1939 – Annexed Bohemia and Moravia, dissolving Czechoslovakia but leaving Slovakia nominally independent.

 

         – Negotiated non-aggression pact with Russia.

 

         – Invaded Poland, starting World War II.

 

1940 – Invaded Norway and Denmark, followed by Belgium, Luxembourg, and Netherlands.

 

         – Occupied Paris and most of France 1940, concluding armistice with Henri Petain with Italy and Japan, concluded Tripartite Pact.

 

1941 – Invaded Yugoslavia.

 

         – Despite non-aggression pact with Joseph Stalin, launched surprise invasion of Russia.

 

         – Continued to exercise direct supervision of military operations, despite lack of strategic ability, leading to failure of Russia campaign and down turning of German fortunes.

 

1944 – Survived assassination attempt, led by German officers hoping to place competent military leadership in control and save Germany from total defeat.

 

         – Facing imminent defeat and Russian occupation of Berlin, suicide in bunker in Berlin, days before Germany’s unconditional surrender.

 

         – As direct instigator of Holocaust and World War II, often cited as ultimate embodiment of evil.

 

1945 – On April 30, he committed suicide in his bunker.