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Hitler, Adolf

Born: 1889 AD
Died: 1945 AD
Nationality: German
Categories: Chancellors, Orators

1889 – Born in Braunau, Austria; it was the birth of a German Nazi dictator, orator, and politician


1907 – Went to Vienna to fulfill his dream of becoming an artist but he failed in his exam to the Academy of Fine Arts


1913 – Immigrated to Bavaria.


1914-1918 – Fought in Bavarian regiment in World War I, receiving Iron Cross, First Class.


1919 – Joined German Workers’ Party in Munich.


1920 – Placed in charge of propaganda for German Workers’ Party (name changed to Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeitpartei also Nazi German Workers’ Party)


1921 – Named president of Nazi Party, with dictatorial power over party apparatus


         – Gained support of Erich Ludendorff


1923 – Using Erich Ludendorff as figurehead, led unsuccessful attempt to overthrow Bavarian government (Beer Hall Putsch), in Munich.


         – Led the Storm Troopers of more than 2, 000 individuals for the purpose of seizing the Bavarian government.


         – It failed and he got arrested and sentenced to five years in prison.


1923-1924 – Imprisoned in Landsberg fortress.


         – While in prison, wrote "Mein Kampf" (also "My Struggle" dictated to Rudolf Hess)


         – In 1924, he got prematurely paroled.


1929 – Resumed Nazi organizational and propagandist activities, gaining many converts due largely to worsening economy and rising nationalism.


1930 – Protested against paying the debt of Germany during the World War I and blamed the burden to the Jews and Communists.


1932 – Candidate for president of Germany, but only garnered 40% of the votes so he got defeated by Paul von Hindenburg.


         – Helped secure lifting of ban on Nazi Storm Troops, leading to period of increased street skirmishes with opposition groups.


1933 – Offered chancellorship after resignation of Franz von Papen, but declined upon failing to receive guarantee of full power.


         – After resignation of Kurt von Schleicher, appointed chancellor by Paul von Hindenburg


         – Declared national boycott of Jewish-owned businesses.


         – Declared Nazi Party to be sole official political party.


         – Withdrew Germany from League of Nations.


1933-1945 – Chancellor of Germany.


         – Oversaw passage of Civil Service Law 1933, enabling dismissal of non-Aryan public officials.


1934 – Was granted dictatorial powers, lasting through 1937, as result of Enabling Act passed by Reichstag


         – Established summary People’s Court, to try cases of treason.


         – Instigated Great Blood Purge, executing seventy-four people, including senior party officials, for alleged plot against Hitler regime.


         – Upon death of Paul von Hindenburg, received title of president (confirmed by plebiscite), assumed title of Fuhrer, and gained dictatorial powers on permanent basis.


1935 – Following favorable plebiscite in Saar basin, reincorporated Saar region of France into Germany


         – Repudiated disarmament clauses of Versailles Treaty and reinstituted compulsory military service.


         – Instituted Nuremberg Laws, depriving Jews of civil rights and banning intermarriage between Jews and Gentiles.


1936 – Repudiated Locarno Pacts and reoccupied Rhineland.


         – With Galeazzo Ciano, negotiated formation of Berlin-Rome Axis.


         – Concluded pact with Japan.


         – Recognized Francisco Franco regime as government of Spain.


1938 – Invaded and annexed Austria (Anschluss)


         – In response to separatist agitation by ethnic Germans in Sudetenland region of Czechoslovakia, annexed Sudetenland, annexation recognized by major powers in Munich Pact of 1938.


1938-1945 – German defense minister, intending to exert direct control over military operations


         – Throughout chancellorship, directed systematic oppression and extermination (Holocaust) of ethnic, religious, and social minorities, especially Jews.


1939 – Annexed Bohemia and Moravia, dissolving Czechoslovakia but leaving Slovakia nominally independent.


         – Negotiated non-aggression pact with Russia.


         – Invaded Poland, starting World War II.


1940 – Invaded Norway and Denmark, followed by Belgium, Luxembourg, and Netherlands.


         – Occupied Paris and most of France 1940, concluding armistice with Henri Petain with Italy and Japan, concluded Tripartite Pact.


1941 – Invaded Yugoslavia.


         – Despite non-aggression pact with Joseph Stalin, launched surprise invasion of Russia.


         – Continued to exercise direct supervision of military operations, despite lack of strategic ability, leading to failure of Russia campaign and down turning of German fortunes.


1944 – Survived assassination attempt, led by German officers hoping to place competent military leadership in control and save Germany from total defeat.


         – Facing imminent defeat and Russian occupation of Berlin, suicide in bunker in Berlin, days before Germany’s unconditional surrender.


         – As direct instigator of Holocaust and World War II, often cited as ultimate embodiment of evil.


1945 – On April 30, he committed suicide in his bunker.