1889 – Born in Braunau, Austria; it was the birth of a German Nazi dictator, orator, and politician
1907 – Went to Vienna to fulfill his dream of becoming an artist but he failed in his exam to the Academy of Fine Arts
1913 – Immigrated to Bavaria.
1914-1918 – Fought in Bavarian regiment in World War I, receiving Iron Cross, First Class.
1919 – Joined German Workers’ Party in Munich.
1920 – Placed in charge of propaganda for German Workers’ Party (name changed to Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeitpartei also Nazi German Workers’ Party)
1921 – Named president of Nazi Party, with dictatorial power over party apparatus
– Gained support of Erich Ludendorff
1923 – Using Erich Ludendorff as figurehead, led unsuccessful attempt to overthrow Bavarian government (Beer Hall Putsch), in Munich.
– Led the Storm Troopers of more than 2, 000 individuals for the purpose of seizing the Bavarian government.
– It failed and he got arrested and sentenced to five years in prison.
1923-1924 – Imprisoned in Landsberg fortress.
– While in prison, wrote "Mein Kampf" (also "My Struggle" dictated to Rudolf Hess)
– In 1924, he got prematurely paroled.
1929 – Resumed Nazi organizational and propagandist activities, gaining many converts due largely to worsening economy and rising nationalism.
1930 – Protested against paying the debt of Germany during the World War I and blamed the burden to the Jews and Communists.
1932 – Candidate for president of Germany, but only garnered 40% of the votes so he got defeated by Paul von Hindenburg.
– Helped secure lifting of ban on Nazi Storm Troops, leading to period of increased street skirmishes with opposition groups.
1933 – Offered chancellorship after resignation of Franz von Papen, but declined upon failing to receive guarantee of full power.
– After resignation of Kurt von Schleicher, appointed chancellor by Paul von Hindenburg
– Declared national boycott of Jewish-owned businesses.
– Declared Nazi Party to be sole official political party.
– Withdrew Germany from League of Nations.
1933-1945 – Chancellor of Germany.
– Oversaw passage of Civil Service Law 1933, enabling dismissal of non-Aryan public officials.
1934 – Was granted dictatorial powers, lasting through 1937, as result of Enabling Act passed by Reichstag
– Established summary People’s Court, to try cases of treason.
– Instigated Great Blood Purge, executing seventy-four people, including senior party officials, for alleged plot against Hitler regime.
– Upon death of Paul von Hindenburg, received title of president (confirmed by plebiscite), assumed title of Fuhrer, and gained dictatorial powers on permanent basis.
1935 – Following favorable plebiscite in Saar basin, reincorporated Saar region of France into Germany
– Repudiated disarmament clauses of Versailles Treaty and reinstituted compulsory military service.
– Instituted Nuremberg Laws, depriving Jews of civil rights and banning intermarriage between Jews and Gentiles.
1936 – Repudiated Locarno Pacts and reoccupied Rhineland.
– With Galeazzo Ciano, negotiated formation of Berlin-Rome Axis.
– Concluded pact with Japan.
– Recognized Francisco Franco regime as government of Spain.
1938 – Invaded and annexed Austria (Anschluss)
– In response to separatist agitation by ethnic Germans in Sudetenland region of Czechoslovakia, annexed Sudetenland, annexation recognized by major powers in Munich Pact of 1938.
1938-1945 – German defense minister, intending to exert direct control over military operations
– Throughout chancellorship, directed systematic oppression and extermination (Holocaust) of ethnic, religious, and social minorities, especially Jews.
1939 – Annexed Bohemia and Moravia, dissolving Czechoslovakia but leaving Slovakia nominally independent.
– Negotiated non-aggression pact with Russia.
– Invaded Poland, starting World War II.
1940 – Invaded Norway and Denmark, followed by Belgium, Luxembourg, and Netherlands.
– Occupied Paris and most of France 1940, concluding armistice with Henri Petain with Italy and Japan, concluded Tripartite Pact.
1941 – Invaded Yugoslavia.
– Despite non-aggression pact with Joseph Stalin, launched surprise invasion of Russia.
– Continued to exercise direct supervision of military operations, despite lack of strategic ability, leading to failure of Russia campaign and down turning of German fortunes.
1944 – Survived assassination attempt, led by German officers hoping to place competent military leadership in control and save Germany from total defeat.
– Facing imminent defeat and Russian occupation of Berlin, suicide in bunker in Berlin, days before Germany’s unconditional surrender.
– As direct instigator of Holocaust and World War II, often cited as ultimate embodiment of evil.
1945 – On April 30, he committed suicide in his bunker.