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Herriot, Edouard

Born: 1872 AD
Died: 1957 AD
Nationality: French
Categories: Politician

1872 – Born on the 5th of July at Troyes, France.

1894 – Graduating with highest honors from the École Normale Supérieure, he rapidly acquired a reputation for outstanding scholarship and teaching.

1904 – Herriot began his active political career as municipal councilor of Lyons.

1919 – In November, Herriot resigned as senator and was elected a member of the Chamber of Deputies, where he became leader of the Radical party.

         – Won a parliamentary majority, he organized a left-wing coalition of Radicals and Socialists called the Cartel des Gauches.

1924 – He supervised the evacuation of the Ruhr and recognized the Soviet Union the following year.

1925 – His program of financial reforms was killed in the Senate, and he resigned in April.

1926-1928 – He devoted his energies to the struggle for free secondary education.

1932 – Herriot served again as prime minister from June to December after his left-leaning coalition won the parliamentary elections of that year.

1934 – Herriot served as vice-premier under Gaston Doumergue.

1935 – P. E. Flandin.

1936 – Elected president of the Chamber of Deputies.

1940 – He remained in that office until the fall of France in June.

1944 – He lived under house arrest in Lyons until he was deported to Germany.

1945 – Liberated in April by Soviet armies, Herriot returned to Lyons, where he had already been elected mayor.

1946 – He was elected to the prestigious French Academy, and following his retirement from active politics he was made honorary life president of his beloved French Chamber of Deputies.

1947 – He was returned to his old post as president of the new National Assembly of the Fourth Republic

1955 – In June, the Soviet government awarded him its annual Peace Prize in recognition of his long advocacy of international cooperation.

1957 – Died at Lyons on the 26th of March, a patriarch venerated by virtually all Frenchmen.