German author, critic and poet
graduated in 1825 as Doctor of Law, but did not take this as his profession. After living on different places in Germany, he moved to Paris in 1831 as a correspondent of "Allgemeine Zeitung" (Augsburg) and lived there up to his death. Politically interested and active in Germany as well as later in France, where he joined the Saint-Simonist movement, his works became banned in Germany in 1835 for a while (and again from 1933 to 1945). Suffered since 1848 from a spinal disease, which forced him to remain in his bed day and night. Wrote the poem "Die Lorelei", poetry collections "Gedichte" 1822, "Buch der Lieder" 1827, "Neue Gedichte" 1844, "Romanzero" 1851, "Deutschland - ein Wintermärchen" (Germany - a Winter-Taile).
He also wrote a lot of critical essays mainly on German and French culltural and political circumstances, as the series "Reisebilder" containing "Die Harzreise" and "Die Nordsee". He also wrote essays about the revolutionary movements in France.
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- "The German is like the slave who, without chains, obeys his masters merest word, his very glance. The condition of servitude is inherent in him, in his very soul; and worse than the physical is the spiritual slavery. The Germans must be set free from wit"
- "It must require an inordinate share of vanity and presumption, too, after enjoying so much that is good and beautiful on earth, to ask the Lord for immortality in addition to all."
- "Wherever they burn books, they will also, in the end, burn people."
- "Human misery is too great for men to do without faith."
- "Dieu me pardonnera; c'est son metier. (God will pardon me, that's his job.)"