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Haber, Fritz

Born: 1868 AD
Died: 1934 AD
2.9 (58.97%) 39 votes

1868 – Born on December 9th in Breslau, Germany. German chemist.

1886-1891 – He studied chemistry at the University of Heidelberg under Bunsen, at the University of Berlin under A.W. Hoffmann, and at the Technical School at Charlottenburg under Liebermann.

1894 – He was offered and accepted, an assistantship at Karlsruhe by the Professor of Chemical Technology there, Hans Bunte.

1896 – Haber qualified as a Privatdozent with a thesis on his experimental studies of the decomposition and combustion of hydrocarbons.

1898 – Haber published his textbook on Electrochemistry, which was based on the lectures he gave at Karlsruhe.

1905 – He had published his book on the thermodynamics of technical gas reactions, in which he recorded the production of small amounts of ammonia from N2 and H2 at a temperature of 1000° C with the help of iron as a catalyst.

1906 – He was appointed Professor of Physical Chemistry and Electrochemistry and Director of the Institute established at Karlsruhe to study these subjects.

1911 – He was appointed to succeed Engler as Director of the Institute for Physical and Electrochemistry at Berlin-Dahlen.

1918-1919 – Haber then undertook the work on the fixation of nitrogen from the air for which he was given the Nobel Prize in Chemistry.

1920-1926 – He experimented on the recovery of gold from sea water, his idea being to enable Germany to meet her war reparations.

         – Apart from the Nobel Prize, Haber received many honours during his life. At Max von Laue’s instigation, the Institute for Physical and Electrochemistry at Berlin-Dahlem was renamed the Fritz Haber Institute after his death.

1933 – The Nazi race laws compelled nearly all his staff to resign and Haber, rather than agree to this, himself resigned.

1934 – Died on January 29th at Basle, on his way from England to convalesce in Switzerland, his spirit broken by his rejection by the Germany he had served so well.

2.9 (58.97%) 39 votes