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Gutenberg, Johannes (also Johann Gutenberg; orig. Johann Gensfleisch or Johann Ganzfl)

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Born: 1398 AD
Died: 1468 AD, at 70 years of age.

Nationality: German
Categories: Inventor

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1398 – He was born on this year in German city of Mainz, the youngest son of the upper-class merchant Friele Gensfleisch zur Laden. He was a German goldsmith and inventor credited with inventing movable type printing in Europe.

 

1419 – His father, Friele Gensfleisch zur Laden, died on this year. He also mentioned in the inheritance proceedings on this year.

 

1434 – A letter by him indicates that he was living in Strasbourg, where he had some relatives on his mother's side.

 

1436 - His name also comes up in court in connection with a broken promise of marriage to a woman from Strasbourg, Ennelin.

 

1439 – He was involved in a misadventure making mirrors for pilgrims to Aachen, and when the question of repaying the money came up, Gutenberg is said to have promised to share a "secret

 

1444 - He lived in Strasbourg, most likely in the St. Arbogast suburb.

 

1448 - He was back in Mainz, where he took out a loan from his brother-in-law Arnold Gelthus, presumably for a printing press.

 

1455 – He published his 42-line Bible, commonly known as the Gutenberg Bible. About 180 were printed, most on paper and some on vellum.

 

1462 - During a conflict between two archbishops, Archbishop Adolph von Nassau sacked Mainz. He went into exile.

 

1465 - His achievements were recognized and he was given the title Hofmann (gentleman of the court) by von Nassau.

1468 – He died on this year and he was buried in Franziskanerkirche, Mainz.


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Page last updated: 3:01pm, 21st May '07