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Gutenberg, Johannes

Born: 1398 AD
Died: 1468 AD
Nationality: German
Categories: Inventor

1398 – He was born on this year in German city of Mainz, the youngest son of the upper-class merchant Friele Gensfleisch zur Laden. He was a German goldsmith and inventor credited with inventing movable type printing in Europe.


1419 – His father, Friele Gensfleisch zur Laden, died on this year. He also mentioned in the inheritance proceedings on this year.


1434 – A letter by him indicates that he was living in Strasbourg, where he had some relatives on his mother’s side.


1436 – His name also comes up in court in connection with a broken promise of marriage to a woman from Strasbourg, Ennelin.


1439 – He was involved in a misadventure making mirrors for pilgrims to Aachen, and when the question of repaying the money came up, Gutenberg is said to have promised to share a "secret


1444 – He lived in Strasbourg, most likely in the St. Arbogast suburb.


1448 – He was back in Mainz, where he took out a loan from his brother-in-law Arnold Gelthus, presumably for a printing press.


1455 – He published his 42-line Bible, commonly known as the Gutenberg Bible. About 180 were printed, most on paper and some on vellum.


1462 – During a conflict between two archbishops, Archbishop Adolph von Nassau sacked Mainz. He went into exile.


1465 – His achievements were recognized and he was given the title Hofmann (gentleman of the court) by von Nassau.

1468 – He died on this year and he was buried in Franziskanerkirche, Mainz.