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Gustav III (Gustavus III, Gustaf III)

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Born: 1746 AD
Died: 1792 AD, at 46 years of age.

Nationality: Swedish
Categories: King

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1746 - Born on January 24th in Stockholm, Sweden.

1720 - His first political act was to reassert royal authority, subordinating the parties in the Riksdag and thereby halting the so-called Age of Freedom.

1766 - Married to Sophie Magdalene, daughter of Frederick V of Denmark.

1771 - He was proclaimed as the King of Sweden.

         - His reign was known as the ‘Gustavian Era’ or the age of ‘the Swedish Enlightenment’.

1782-1788 - A committed patron of the arts, he founded the Royal Opera House, the Swedish Academy, and the Royal Dramatic Theatre.

         - Poor harvests and a failing economy created discontent, and as a diversion he launched into a war against Russia that proved unpopular.

1790 - He continued to reduce the powers of the nobility, but aristocratic plots continued.

1792 - Died on March 29th. He was shot and mortally wounded by a Swedish army officer during a masked ball at the Royal Opera House.

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Page last updated: 11:29pm, 21st Jun '07