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Gryphius, Andreas (also Andreas Greif; the German Shakespeare)

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Born: 1616 AD
Died: 1664 AD, at 47 years of age.

Nationality: German
Categories: Dramatist, Poets

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1616 – He was born on the 11th day of October of this year in Silesia, where his father was a clergyman. The family name was Greif, latinized, according to the prevailing fashion, as Gryphius. Left early an orphan and driven from his native town by the troubles of the Thirty Years' War, he received his schooling in various places, but notably at Wschowa (Fraustadt) where he enjoyed an excellent classical education.

 

1632 – He had witnessed the prowling and burning of the Bavarian town Freystadt by Swedish troops, and eternalized the event by the poem Fewrige Freystadt.

 

1634 – He went to Danzig (GdaDsk) in Poland where he met professors Peter Crüger and Johann Mochinger at the Danzig Gymnasium, who introduced Gryphius to the new German language poetry.

 

1635 – He published his second epos of Herodes Dei Vindicis Impetus et Herodis Interitus at Danzig. He dedicated this to the Danzig city state council

 

1636 – He went to Wschowa, then to Schönborn, in order to became tutor of the sons of Georg Schönborner, a man of wide culture and considerable wealth

 

1637 – He published at Wigand Funck in Leszno (German: Lissa) a poetry collection in German and some Latin, named Lissaer Sonetten after the town. On the 23rd day of December this year, Schönborner died. he went to continue his studies at Leiden, where he remained six years, both hearing and delivering lectures.

 

1638 - Paul Gryphius, the brother of Andreas, received a position as Superindendant at Crossen an der Oder (Krosno) in Brandenburg from the Elector Georg Wilhelm of Brandenburg.

 

1647 - After travelling in France, Italy, and South Germany, Gryphius settled at Fraustadt, where he began his dramatic work.

 

1650 - He was appointed syndic of Glogau, a post he held until his death. A short time previously he had been admitted under the title of The Immortal into the Fruchtbringende Gesellschaft ("Fruitbearing Society"), a literary society, founded in 1617 by Ludwig, prince of Anhalt-Köthen on the model of the Italian academies.

 

1663 - His best works are his comedies, one of which, Absurda Comica, oder Herr Peter Squentz, is evidently based on the comic episode of Pyramus and Thisbe in A Midsummer Night's Dream.Gryphius grew up during the Thirty Years War and witnessed the destruction of large parts of Germany, which had lasting effects for centuries

 

1664 - He passed away on the 16th day of July of this year.


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Page last updated: 12:50pm, 18th Jun '07