1873 – He was born on the 3rd day of March this year in Ohio.
1891 – He was elected secretary of the United Mine Workers of America.
1910 – He was elected to the Ohio Senate, where he served as both Senate president pro tempore and Democratic floor leader.
1914 – He was named to the AFL Executive Council this year.
1916 – He became Secretary-Treasurer.
1924 – He became the president of the American Federation of Labor from this year until 1952.