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Gramsci, Antonio

Born: 1891 AD
Died: 1937 AD
Nationality: Italian
Categories: Activists

1891 – Born on January 22nd in Ales, Italy, on the island of Sardinia. Founder of the Italian Communist Party and of the newspaper L’Ordine Nuovo, which led to his involvement in founding the Partito Comunista d’Italia.

1921 – He founded the communist party, the Partito Comunista d’Italia.

1922 – He was an Italian delegate to the Third Internationale which was held in Moscow.

         – He founded the party’s official newspaper, L’Unità.

1926-1934 – He was imprisoned by fascist and was released due to health problems.

1937 – Died on April 27th in Rome, Italy.

1947 – Letters that he wrote while in prison were posthumously released as Lettere dal Carcere, dealing with his thoughts about the need for a working class, the problem of cultural hegemony, and intellectualism. These political letters have been extremely influential in both Italy and other parts of Europe.