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Graham, Martha

Born: 1894 AD
Died: 1991 AD
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1894 – She was born on the 11th day of May this year in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Her father was a doctor.

 

1908 – Her family moved to Santa Barbara, California.

 

1911 – She saw a performance of Ruth Saint-Denis and decided to become a dancer.

 

1913 – She studied theater and dances at the University of Cumnoch and graduated in 1916.

 

1916 – She joined the Denishawn School in Los Angeles (school of Ruth Saint-Denis and Ted Shawn). There she danced several important roles, including Shawn’s Xochtil in 1920. She met the composer Louis Horst.

 

1923 – She left the Denishawn with Horst and in 1926 she taught at the Eastman School of Rochester. She gave her first recital in New York

 

1927 – Opening of the Martha Graham School of Contemporary Dance. Her pieces in that period often dealt with social problems.

 

1929 – This year, she had her first non-solo ballet “Heretic”.

 

1930 – Because of some financial problems, her ballets had no sets, and she made most of the costumes herself.

 

1936 – She refused to go the Olympic Games in Berlin.

 

1938 – She was invited by Mrs Roosevelt at the White House, and created American Document (dealing with American Independence and Abraham Lincoln).

 

1948 – This year, she married Erick Hawkins.

 

1954 – Her company had their first tour to Paris, and in 1955 Paul Taylor entered her dance company.

 

1956 – She won the Dance Magazine Award.

 

1959 – She created Episodes with Balanchine, (ballet danced by her company and the New-York City Ballet).

 

1970 – She stopped dancing due to depression and health problems, before creating new ballets again.

 

1973 – She created Lucifer and The Scarlet Letter for Rudolf Nureyev and Margpot Fonteyn.

 

1984 – Rudolf Nureyev invited her company at the Paris Opera, and she was given the Légion d’Honneur by the French government.

 

1991 – She died on the 1st day of April this year.