1818 – Born on June 17th in Paris, France. French composer noted particularly for his operas, of which the most famous is Faust.
– He studied at the Paris Conservatoire and in Rome, then became organist of the Eglise des Missions Etrangères, Paris, where his earliest compositions, chiefly polyphonic in style, were performed.
1835 – He was educated at the Lycée Saint-Louis, where he remained.
1839 – His cantata "Fernand" won for him the Grand Prix de Rome, carrying with it the privilege of a three years’ sojourn in Rome and a year’s travel in Germany at the expense of the Government.
1842 – He returned to Paris and was soon appointed choirmaster at the church of the Missions Etrangeres, a position which he held for four years and a half.
1848 – He resigned his position as choirmaster.
1858-1859 – His major works include the opera, Le Médecin malgré lui (The Mock Doctor), and his masterpiece, Faust.
– He also published Masses, hymns, and anthems, and was popular as a songwriter.
1875 – He devoted himself more and more to religious music.
1882 – He brought out his oratorio "The Redemption", for which he himself wrote the text and which he styled opus vitae meae.
1885-1886 – Appeared "Mors et Vita", his last great work, the text for which he selected from Holy Scripture.
– He composed the oratorio "Mors et Vita", Vatican City national anthem
1893 – Died on October 18th in Saint-Cloud, near Paris.