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Golding, William Gerald

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Born: 1911 AD
Died: 1993 AD, at 81 years of age.

Nationality: English
Categories: Novelists, Poets

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1911 - Born on September 19th in St. Columb Minor, near Newquay, Cornwall, England. English novelist who won the Nobel Prize for Literature for his parables of the human condition.

1935 - Educated at Marlborough Grammar School, where his father taught, and at Brasenose College, Oxford, Golding graduated.

1939 - Married to Ann Brookfield, an analytical chemist.

         - Became a teacher of English and philosophy at Bishop Wordsworth's School in Salisbury.

1940-1944 - He joined the Royal Navy, took part in the action that saw the sinking of the German battleship Bismarck, and commanded a rocket-launching craft during the invasion of France

         - He resumed teaching at Bishop Wordsworth's.

1954 - Golding's first published novel was Lord of the Flies, the story of a group of schoolboys isolated on a coral island who revert to savagery.

1955 - The Inheritors, set in the last days of Neanderthal man, is another story of the essential violence and depravity of human nature.

1956 - The guilt-filled reflections of a naval officer, his ship torpedoed, who faces an agonizing death are the subject of Pincher Martin.

1959-1964 - Two other novels, Free Fall and The Spire, also demonstrate Golding's belief that “man produces evil as a bee produces honey”.

1979 - Darkness Visible tells the story of a boy horribly burned in the London blitz during World War II.

1980 - His later works include Rites of Passage, which won the Booker McConnell Prize, and its sequels, Close Quarters and Fire Down Below.

1983 - He won the Nobel Prize for Literature for his parables of the human condition.

1984 - The Paper Men, and the comic-historical sea trilogy To the Ends of the Earth was released.

1987 - The Close Quarters' novel was released.

1988 - Golding was knighted.

1993 - Died on June 19th in Perranarworthal, near Falmouth, Cornwall.

1996 - His novel The Double Toungue was published posthumously in Faber. The novel that was left as draft when he died.

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Page last updated: 10:16pm, 16th Aug '07

  • "Among the virtues and vices that make up the British character, we have one vice, at least, that Americans ought to view with sympathy. For they appear to be the only people who share it with us. I mean our worship of the antique. I do not refer to beauty or even historical association. I refer to age, to a quantity of years."