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Golding, William Gerald

Born: 1911 AD
Died: 1993 AD
Nationality: English
Categories: Novelists, Poets

1911 – Born on September 19th in St. Columb Minor, near Newquay, Cornwall, England. English novelist who won the Nobel Prize for Literature for his parables of the human condition.

1935 – Educated at Marlborough Grammar School, where his father taught, and at Brasenose College, Oxford, Golding graduated.

1939 – Married to Ann Brookfield, an analytical chemist.

         – Became a teacher of English and philosophy at Bishop Wordsworth’s School in Salisbury.

1940-1944 – He joined the Royal Navy, took part in the action that saw the sinking of the German battleship Bismarck, and commanded a rocket-launching craft during the invasion of France

         – He resumed teaching at Bishop Wordsworth’s.

1954 – Golding’s first published novel was Lord of the Flies, the story of a group of schoolboys isolated on a coral island who revert to savagery.

1955 – The Inheritors, set in the last days of Neanderthal man, is another story of the essential violence and depravity of human nature.

1956 – The guilt-filled reflections of a naval officer, his ship torpedoed, who faces an agonizing death are the subject of Pincher Martin.

1959-1964 – Two other novels, Free Fall and The Spire, also demonstrate Golding’s belief that “man produces evil as a bee produces honey”.

1979 – Darkness Visible tells the story of a boy horribly burned in the London blitz during World War II.

1980 – His later works include Rites of Passage, which won the Booker McConnell Prize, and its sequels, Close Quarters and Fire Down Below.

1983 – He won the Nobel Prize for Literature for his parables of the human condition.

1984 – The Paper Men, and the comic-historical sea trilogy To the Ends of the Earth was released.

1987 – The Close Quarters’ novel was released.

1988 – Golding was knighted.

1993 – Died on June 19th in Perranarworthal, near Falmouth, Cornwall.

1996 – His novel The Double Toungue was published posthumously in Faber. The novel that was left as draft when he died.