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Geronimo (Goyathlay)

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Born: 1829 AD
Died: 1909 AD, at 79 years of age.

Nationality: American
Categories: Chief

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1829 - Born on June 16th in No-Doyohn Canyon, Mexico. A Bedonkohe Apache leader of the Chiricahua Apache, who led his people's defense of their homeland against the military might of the United States.

         - His Indian name was Goyathlay (“One Who Yawns”).

1846 - Geronimo continued the tradition of his ancestors from the day he was admitted to the warriors' council, participating in raids into Sonora and Chihuahua in Mexico.

1858 - He was further embittered by the death of his mother, wife, and children at the hands of Mexicans.

1874 - Some 4,000 Apaches were forcibly moved by United States authorities to a reservation at San Carlos, a barren wasteland in east-central Arizona.

1884-1885 - Geronimo surrendered in January, only to take flight from the San Carlos reservation in May, accompanied by 35 men, 8 boys, and 101 women.

1886 - On March 27th, Geronimo surrendered at Cañón de Los Embudos in Sonora. Near the border, however, fearing that they would be murdered once they crossed into U.S. territory, Geronimo and a small band bolted.

1887 -  Geronimo and his fellow prisoners were put at hard labour, and it was May before he saw his family.

1894 - First attempted to “take the white man's road.” He farmed and joined the Dutch Reformed Church, which expelled him because of his inability to resist gambling.

         - He never saw Arizona again, but, by special permission of the War Department, he was allowed to sell photographs of himself and his handiwork at expositions.

1909 - He died on February 17th in Fort Sill, Oklahoma.

         - Before he died, he dictated to S.S. Barrett his autobiography, "Geronimo: His Own Story".

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Page last updated: 12:39am, 26th Feb '07