12 AD - Born Gaius Julius Caesar Augustus Germanicus on the 31st of August. Roman emperor.
- Known by his nickname Caligula, for his extreme extravagance, eccentricity, depravity and cruelty, he is remembered as a despot.
31 AD - Caligula was remanded to the personal care of Tiberius on Capri.
32 AD - He was summoned by Tiberius to Capreae, and by skillful flattery managed to escape the fate of his relatives.
- He lived on the island of Capreae (Capri) in the emperor's lush residence and was appointed joint heir with Tiberius Gemellus, son of Drusus the younger.
33 AD - He was made quaestor, though was given no further administrative training at all.
37 AD - Became the third Roman Emperor and a member of the Julio-Claudian dynasty.
- He entered on his first consulship in July.
- Caligula fell very ill. His popularity was such that his illness caused great concern throughout the entire empire.
38 AD - Caligula put to death without trial his principal supporter, the praetorian prefect Macro.
39 AD - He set out with an army to Gaul, nominally to punish the Germans for having invaded Roman territory, but in reality to get money by plunder and confiscation.
- Caligula announced the revival of the treason trials, the bloodthirsty trials which had given an air of terror to the latter years of Tiberius' reign.
41 AD - He was assassinated on 24th of January by several of his own guards.
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