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John Charles Frémont (Fremont John Charles)

Born: 1813 AD
Died: 1890 AD, at 77 years of age.

Nationality: American
Categories: Politician


1813 - Born in Savannah, Georgia on the 21st of  January.

1838-1839 - He assisted Joseph Nicollet in exploring the lands between the Mississippi and Missouri Rivers.

1841 - With training from Nicollet, he mapped portions of the Des Moines River.

1842 - Frémont first met American frontiersman Kit Carson on a Missouri River steamboat in Missouri during the summer.

1845 - On the 1st of June, John Frémont and 55 men left St. Louis, with Carson as guide, on the third expedition.

- Frémont and his guide Carson led expedition parties on the Oregon Trail and into the Sierra Nevada

1846 - He promptly sought to stir up patriotic enthusiasm among the American settlers there.

1847 - On the 16th of January, Commodore Stockton appointed Frémont military governor of California following the Treaty of Cahuenga, which ended the Mexican-American War in California. However, U.S. Army general Stephen Watts Kearny, who outranked Frémont and believed that he was the legitimate governor, arrested Frémont and brought him to Washington, D.C., where he was convicted of mutiny. President James Polk quickly pardoned him in light of his service in the war.

1850-1851 - Frémont served as one of the first pair of Senators from California.

1856 - He lost to James Buchanan, though did surpass the American Party candidate, Millard Fillmore. Frémont lost California in the Electoral College.

1861 - Frémont later served as a major general in the American Civil War and served a controversial term as commander of the Army's Department of the West from May to November.

1862 - In March Frémont was re-appointed to a different post, but lost several battles to Stonewall Jackson and was relieved at his own request when ordered to serve under General John Pope.

1864 - Frémont was briefly the candidate of the Radical Republicans, a group of hard-line Republican abolitionists upset with Lincoln's position toward both the issues of slavery and post-war reconciliation with the southern sates.

1881 - Frémont was the appointed Governor of the Arizona Territory. Died on the 13th of July a forgotten man, of peritonitis in a hotel in New York City and is buried in Rockland Cemetery, Piermont-on-Hudson, New York.



Page last updated: 5:10am, 09th May '07