US diplomat, inventor, physicist, politician, and printer
1718 - Becomes printer's apprentice to James, his older brother.
1724 - 1726 - Lives and works as a printer in London. Returns to Philadelphia to clerk a store.
1727 - Founds the Junto group.
1728 - Established printing business in Philadelphia
1729 - Purchases the Pennsylvania gazette newspaper.
1730 - Benjamin marries Deborah Read.
1731 - Main founder of Library Co. of Philadelphia (1st subscription library in America)
1732-1757 - Published "Poor Richard's Almanack" (under pseudonym Richard Saunders)
1736 - 1737- founds Union Fire Company and is appointed postmaster of Philadelphia.
1740 - Inventor and eponym of Franklin stove
1754 - Pennsylvania delegate to Albany Congress, proposed Plan of Union
1769-1790 - Founder and 1st president of American Philosophical Society
- Developed fluid model of electric current, consisting of motion of microscopic charged particles
- Proposed experiment demonstrating lightning to be a form of electricity
- Invented lightning rod
1773 - Wrote satiric pamphlet "Rules by Which a Great Empire May be Reduced to a Small One"
1775 - Lives in london and works for repeal of stamp act.
1785 - Returns to America.
1787 - Signs the constitution, becomes a delegate to the constitutional convention
1790 ( April 17) - dies in Philadelphia
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- "We must hang together, gentlemen...else, we shall most assuredly hang separately."
- "We must all hang together, or most assuredly we shall all hang separately."
- "They that can give up essential liberty to obtain a little temporary safety deserve neither liberty nor safety."
- "There never was a good war, or a bad peace."
- "Those who would give up essential Liberty, to purchase a little temporary Safety, deserve neither Liberty nor Safety."