1832 – Born in Saint-Die in the Vosges département, France on the 5th of April.
1869 – Elected republican deputy for Paris, he protested against the declaration of war with Germany,
1870 – On the 6th of September, was appointed prefect of the Seine by the Government of National Defense.
1870 – Ferry formed the idea of acquiring a great colonial empire, principally for the sake of economic exploitation.
1881 – He finally succeeded in passing the eponym laws, which made primary education in France free, non-clerical and obligatory.
1882-1883 – First as minister of education and then as minister of foreign affairs.
1885 – He was one of its members, and continued in the ministry.
– He reorganized the committee of public education and proposed a regulation for the conferring of university degrees, which, though rejected, aroused violent polemics because the 7th article took away from the unauthorized religious orders the right to teach.
1887 – After the resignation of Jules Grévy, he was a candidate for the presidency of the republic, but the radicals refused to support him, and he withdrew in favour of Sadi Carnot.
1893 – Died on th 7th of March.