1813 – Born on the 26th of January in Santo Domingo.
1838 – On the 20th of April, the outrage and discontent of the inhabitants of the Spanish side of the island prompted European-educated Duarte and other patriots to establish a secret dissident society called La Trinitaria, shaped after the Carbonari, which helped undermine Haitian rule
1844 – All of this, along with the help of many who wanted to be rid of the Haitians and return to Spanish rule, led to the proclamation of independence on the 27th of February.
– Duarte was supported by many as a candidate for the presidency of the new Republic, but the forces of those favoring Spanish sovereignty, led by general Pedro Santana, took over and exiled Duarte.
1845 – Santana exiled the entire Duarte family.
1876 – Juan Pablo Duarte died in Caracas, Venezuela, at the age of 63.