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Du Bois, William Edward Burghardt

Born: 1868 AD
Died: 1963 AD
Nationality: N/A
Categories: Scholars

US black civil rights leader, educator, and sociologist


1st black to receive Ph.D. from Harvard University 1895 (in history)


wrote "The Suppression of the African Slave-Trade to the United States of America, 1638-1870" 1896, "The Philadelphia Negro: A Social Study" 1899, "The Souls of Black Folk" 1903, "Black Reconstruction" 1935, "Dusk of Dawn: An Essay Toward an Autobiography of a Race Concept" 1940, "The Autobiography of W. E. B. Du Bois" 1968


advocated direct civil rights activism, criticizing vocationally-oriented accommodation policy of Booker T. Washington


advocated uplifting of blacks through efforts of educated black elite (the Talented Tenth)


secretary of Pan-African Conference in London 1900


main founder of Niagara Movement 1905


general secretary of Niagara Movement 1905-1909


main founder of NAACP 1909


editor of NAACP journal "The Crisis" 1910-1932


main organizer of First Pan-African Conference in Paris 1919


chairman of sociology department at Atlanta University 1933-1944


resigned from NAACP 1934, criticizing NAACP for bourgeois orientation at expense of black proletariat


founded journal "Phylon" 1940


1st editor of "Phylon" 1940-1944


1st black admitted to National Institute of Arts and Letters 1943


became disillusioned with US and drifted leftward politically


joined Communist Party 1961


immigrated to Ghana 1961 (naturalized Ghanaian citizen 1963


renounced US citizenship)


Spingarn Medal 1920