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Foe, Daniel (Defoe, Daniel)

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Born: 1660 AD
Died: 1731 AD, at 70 years of age.

Nationality: English
Categories: Writers

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1660 - Born on September on London, England. An English author whose famous for his novel, Robinson Crusoe.

1684 - Married to Mary Tuffley on January 1st.

1688 - On the 26th of January he was admitted a liveryman of the city of London, having claimed his freedom by birth.

1692 - His misfortunes made him write both feelingly and forcibly on the bankruptcy laws; and although his creditors accepted a composition, he afterwards honorably paid them in full, a fact attested by independent and not very friendly witnesses.

1695 - He was appointed accountant to the commissioners of the glass duty, an office which he held for four years.

1697 - In the older catalogues of his works two pamphlets, Speculum Crapegownorum, a satire on the clergy, and A Treatise against the Turks, are attributed to him before the accession of King James II, but there seems to be no publication of his which is certainly genuine before The Character of Dr. Annesley.

1698 - He produced his Essay on Projects, containing suggestions on banks, road-management, friendly and insurance societies of various kinds, idiot asylums, bankruptcy, academies, military colleges, high schools for women, etc.

         - In support of the government he published An Argument for a Standing Army.

1700 - By a defense of William's war policy called The Two Great Questions considered, and a set of pamphlets on the Partition Treaty.

1701 - His most remarkable publication at this time was The True-Born Englishman, a satire in rough but extremely vigorous verse on the national objection to William as a foreigner, and on the claim of purity of blood for a nation which Defoe chooses to represent as crossed and dashed with all the strains and races in Europe.

1702 - Wrote the anonymous Shortest Way with the Dissenters, a statement in the most forcible terms of the extreme "high-flying" position, which some high churchmen were unwary enough to endorse, without any suspicion of the writer's ironical intention.

1705 - Appeared The Consolidator, or Memoirs of Sundry Transactions from the World in the Moon, a political satire which is supposed to have given some hints for Jonathan Swift's Gullivers Travels; and at the end of the year Defoe performed a secret mission, the first of several of the kind, for Harley.

1706 - The True Relation of the Apparition of one Mrs Veal, long supposed to have been written for a bookseller to help off an unsaleable translation of Drelincourt, On Death, but considerable doubt has been cast upon this by William Lee.

         - He was sent on a political mission to Scotland by Sidney Godolphin, to whom Harley had recommended him.

1719-1724 - He wrote his famous novels, "Robinson Crusoe", "Memoirs of a Cavalier", "Moll Flanders", "Journal of the Plague Year" and "Roxana".

1731 - Died on April 24th in Ropemakers Alley, Moorfields, London, England.


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Page last updated: 9:59pm, 17th Apr '07