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Cromwell, Thomas (Earl of Essex)

Born: 1485 AD
Died: 1540 AD, at 55 years of age.

Nationality: English
Categories: Earl, Monarch


1485 - Thomas Cromwell, 1st Earl of Essex, was an English statesman born in Putney, England.

1512 - He was employed by the powerful Florentine merchant banker family, the Frescobaldis, in cloth dealing at Syngsson's Mart in Middelburg in the Netherlands.

1519 - Married a clothier's daughter, Elizabeth Wyckes.

1523 - After studying law, he became a Member of the English Parliament.

1524 - He was appointed at Gray's Inn.

1525 - He helped Wolsey dissolve thirty monasteries in order to raise funds for Wolsey's grammar school in Ipswich and the Cardinal's College, Oxford.

1529 - Henry summoned a Parliament (later known as the Reformation Parliament) in order to obtain a divorce from Catherine of Aragon.

1531 - He was appointed a royal counsellor for parliamentary business.

1532 - Became Henry's chief minister not through any formal office but by gaining the King's confidence.

1535 - Henry appointed him as his last Vicegerent in Spirituals.

1535 - 1536 - He presided over the Dissolution of the Monasteries, which began with his visitation of the monasteries and abbeys.

1540 - He was created Earl of Essex on the 18th of April.

       - Died on the 28th of July in London, England.


Page last updated: 3:50am, 15th Jun '07