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Constable, John

Born: 1776 AD
Died: 1837 AD
2.9 (58%) 10 votes



1776 – A Romantic painter was born in East Bergholt, a village on the River Stour in Suffolk, to Golding and Ann Constable. His father was a wealthy corn merchant, owner of Flat ford Mill and, later, Dedham Mill. He is known principally for his landscape paintings of Dedham Vale, the area surrounding his home, now known as "Constable Country".


1779 – He persuaded his father to let him pursue art, and Golding even granted him a small allowance. He entered the Royal Academy Schools.


1802 – He refused the position of drawing master at Great Marlow Military College; a move which Benjamin West (then master of the RA) counseled would mean the end of his career.


1803 – By this year, he was exhibiting paintings at the Royal Academy.

1811 – He first visited John Fisher and his family in Salisbury, a city whose cathedral and surrounding landscape were to inspire some of his greatest paintings.


1816 – His engagement with a childhood friend named Maria Bicknell was opposed by Maria’s grandfather, Dr Rhudde, rector of East Bergholt, who considered the Constables his social inferiors and threatened Maria with disinheritance. But they got married in October of the same year.


1819 – He was elected an Associate of the Royal Academy.


1821 – He invested with an intensity of affection. "I should paint my own places best", he wrote to his friend John Fisher in 1821, "Painting is but another word for feeling".


1829 – At the age of 52, he was elected to the Royal Academy .


1835 – His last lecture to the students of the RA, in which he praised Raphael and called the R.A. the "cradle of British art", was "cheered most heartily. He died on the night of the 31st of March, apparently from indigestion. 







2.9 (58%) 10 votes