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Coleridge, Samuel Taylor

Born: 1772 AD
Died: 1834 AD
2.9 (58.18%) 22 votes

1772 – Samuel Taylor Coleridge, born on the 21st of October in Ottery St. Mary, Devonshire, England. English lyrical poet, critic, and philosopher.

1781 – His father died suddenly, and in the following year Coleridge entered Christ’s Hospital in London, where he completed his secondary education.

1791 – He entered Jesus College, Cambridge. At both school and university he continued to read voraciously, particularly in works of imagination and visionary philosophy, and he was remembered by his schoolmates for his eloquence and prodigious memory. In his third year at Cambridge, oppressed by financial difficulties, he went to London and enlisted as a dragoon under the assumed name of Silas Tomkyn Comberbache. Despite his unfitness for the life, he remained until discovered by his friends; he was then bought out by his brothers and restored to Cambridge.

1795 – In October, he married Sara Fricker, daughter of a local schoolmistress, swayed partly by Southey’s suggestion that he was under an obligation to her since she had been refusing the advances of other men.

1804 – Accepted a post in Malta as secretary to the acting governor. Later he spent a long time journeying across Italy, but, despite his hopes, his health did not improve during his time abroad.

1809 – 1810 – He published a periodical, The Friend, from June to March and ceased only when Sara Hutchinson, who had been acting as amanuensis, found the strain of the relationship too much for her and retired to her brother’s farm in Wales.

1811 – 1812 – A course of lectures he delivered during the winter of attracted a large audience; for many years Coleridge had been fascinated by William Shakespeare’s achievement, and his psychological interpretations of the chief characters were new and exciting to his contemporaries.

1813 – His play Osorio, written many years before, was produced at Drury Lane with the title Remorse in January.

1817 – He drew together a collection of his poems, published in as Sibylline Leaves and wrote Biographia Literaria, a rambling and discursive but highly stimulating and influential work in which he outlined the evolution of his thought and developed an extended critique of Wordsworth’s poems.

       – A new dramatic piece, Zapolya, was also published. In the same year, Coleridge became associated for a time with the new Encyclopaedia Metropolitana, for which he planned a novel system of organization, outlined in his Prospectus.

1830 – He joined the controversy that had arisen around the issue of Catholic Emancipation by writing his last prose work, On the Constitution of the Church and State.

1834 – The third edition of Coleridge’s Poetical Works appeared in time for him to see it before his final illness and death in Highgate, near London on the 25th of July.

2.9 (58.18%) 22 votes