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Chu, Steven

Born: 1948 AD
Currently alive, at 67 years of age.
Nationality: American
Categories: Physicians

1948 – Born on February 28th in St. Louis, Missouri. American physicist.

1970 – Chu graduated from the University of Rochester, New York, with a B.S. in physics and an A.B. in math.

1976-1978 – He received his doctorate in physics from the University of California, Berkeley, where he was a postdoctoral fellow.

         –  He joined the staff at Bell Laboratories, Murray Hill, New Jersey.

1983 – Became the head of the quantum electronics research department at AT&T Bell Laboratories, Holmdel, New Jersey.

1985 – Chu and his coworkers used an array of intersecting laser beams to create an effect they called “optical molasses,” in which the speed of target atoms was reduced from about 4,000 kilometres per hour to about one kilometre per hour, as if the atoms were moving through thick molasses.

1987 – He joined the faculty of Stanford University.

1990-1993 – He was the chairman of physics department at Stanford University.

1997 – With Claude Cohen-Tannoudji and William D. Phillips, was awarded the Nobel Prize for Physics for their independent, pioneering research in cooling and trapping atoms using laser light.

2004 – The director of Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and the first Asian-American director of any U.S. national laboratory.