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Chirico, Giorgio De

Born: 1888 AD
Died: 1978 AD
1.3 (26.67%) 3 votes

1888 – He was born on the 10th day of July this year in Volos, Greece.


1906 – After he studied art in Athens and Florence, he moved to Germany and entered the Academy of Fine Arts in Munich, where he read the writings of the famous philosophers.


1909 – In the summer of this year, he returned to Italy and spent six months in Milan.


1910 – At the beginning of this year, he moved to Florence where he painted the first of his ‘Metaphysical Town Square Series: The Enigma of an Autumn Afternoon after the revelation he felt in Piazza Santa Croce.


1911 – He spent a few days in Turin on his way to Paris. He was profoundly moved by what he called the ‘metaphysical aspect’ of Turin: the architecture of its archways and piazzas.


1911 – He moved to Paris, where he joined his brother Andrea. Through his brother he met Pierre Laprade a member of the jury at the Salon d’Automne, where he exhibited three of his works Enigma of the Oracle, Enigma of an Afternoon and Self-Portrait.


1913 – He exhibited his work at the Salon des Indépendants and Salon d’Automne, his work was noticed by Pablo Picasso and Guillaume Apollinaire, he also sold his first painting, The Red Tower.


1914 – He met the art dealer Paul Guillame, who he signs a contract with for his artistic output.


1915 – During an outbreak in the First World War, he decided to return to Italy, arriving in May, when he enlisted in the Italian army. He was considered unfit for work and assigned to the hospital at Ferra.


1918 – He continued to paint, and in he transferred to Rome. From this year, his work was exhibited extensively in Europe.


1924 – He met and married his first wife, the Russian Ballerina Raissa Gurievich and together they moved to Paris.


1925 – He published a novel entitled Hebdomeros, the Metaphysician.


1928 – He held his first exhibition in New York and shortly afterwards, in London.


1930 – He met his second wife, Isabella Pakszwer Far, a Russian, with whom he would remain for the rest of his life.


1932 – He and his wife moved to Italy in this year.


1944 – They settled in Rome this year.


1978 – He died on the 20th day of November this year.






























1.3 (26.67%) 3 votes