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Charles Stuart (Charles II of England)

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Born: 1630 AD
Died: 1685 AD, at 54 years of age.

Nationality: English
Categories: King

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1930 - Born in Charles Stuart in St. James's Palace on the 29th of May.

1647 - Due to fears for his safety, he left England, going first to the Isles of Scilly, then to Jersey, and finally to France.

1648 - During the Second Civil War, Charles moved to The Hague, where his sister Mary and his brother in law Prince of Orange seemed more likely to provide substantial aid to the Royalist cause than the Queen's French relations.

1647 - Charles I was captured.

1648 - He escaped and was recaptured.

1649 - Despite his son's efforts to save him, Charles I was executed, and England was proclaimed a republic.

         - On th 5th of February, Charles II was proclaimed King of Scots in Edinburgh.

1651 - He was crowned King of Scots at Scone on 1st January.

1661 - Charles's coronation at Westminster Abbey on 23rd April, the second Parliament of the reign the Cavalier Parliament assembled. As the Cavalier Parliament was overwhelmingly Royalist, Charles saw no reason to dissolve it and force another general election for seventeen years.

1662 - Charles married a Portuguese princess, Catherine of Braganza, who brought him the territories of Bombay and Tangier as dowry.

1663 - Charles awarded North American lands then known as Carolina named after his father to eight nobles.

1665 - Charles II was faced with a great health crisis: an outbreak of Bubonic Plague in London commonly referred to as the Great Plague.

1666 - On the 2nd September, adding to London's woes was what later became famously known as the Great Fire of London.

1670 - Charles granted the British East India Company the rights to autonomous territorial acquisitions, to mint money, to command fortresses and troops, to form alliances, to make war and peace, and to exercise both civil and criminal jurisdiction over the acquired areas in India.

1668 - He leased the islands of Bombay for a paltry sum of ten pounds sterling paid in gold.

1685 - Charles suffered an apopleptic fit and died suddenly on the 6th of February.


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Page last updated: 3:13pm, 18th Apr '07