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Charcot, Jean Martin

Born: 1825 AD
Died: 1893 AD
Nationality: French
Categories: Neurologist, Physicians

1825 – Born on November 29th in Paris, France. The founder (with Guillaume Duchenne) of modern neurology and one of France’s greatest medical teachers and clinicians.

1853-1856 – Charcot took his M.D. at the University of Paris and three years later was appointed physician of the Central Hospital bureau.

1860 –  He then became a professor at the University of Paris.

1862 – He began a lifelong association with the Salpêtrière Hospital, Paris.

1882 – Opened what was to become the greatest neurological clinic of the time in Europe.

1885 – One of his students was Sigmund Freud, and it was Charcot’s employment of hypnosis in an attempt to discover an organic basis for hysteria that stimulated Freud’s interest in the psychological origins of neurosis.

1888 – Charcot’s writings include Leçons sur les maladies du système nerveux, 5 vol. (Lectures on the Diseases of the Nervous System) and Leçons du mardi à la Salpêtrière (“Tuesday Lessons at the Salpêtrière”).

1893 – Died on August 16th in Morvan.