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Cesaire, Aime Fernand

Born: 1913 AD
Currently alive, at 105 years of age.
1 (20%) 1 vote

1913 – Aimé Césaire was born in Basse-Pointe, Martinique on the 25th of June.

1931 – He traveled to Paris to attend the Lycée Louis-le-Grand on an educational scholarship.

1935 – In Paris, Césaire passed an entrance exam for the École normale supérieure, created, with Léopold Sédar Senghor and Léon Damas, the literary review L’Étudiant Noir (The Black Student) which was a forerunner of the Négritude movement.

1936 – Césaire began work on his book-length poem Cahier d’un retour au pays natal, a vivid and powerful depiction of the ambiguities of African life and culture in the New World and this upon returning home to Martinique.

1941 – Aimé Césaire and Suzanne Roussi founded the literary review Tropiques, with the help of other Martinican intellectuals like René Ménil and Aristide Maugée, in order to challenge the cultural status quo and alienation that then characterized Martinican identity.

1945 – Césaire was elected mayor of Fort-de-France and député to the French National Assembly for Martinique.

1946 – He was one of the principal drafters of the law on departmentalizing former colonies, a role for which independentist politicians have often criticized him.

1958 – He founded the Parti Progressiste Martiniquais.

1960 – He published Toussaint-Louverture, based upon the life of the Haitian revolutionary.

2001 – He retired from politics.

2006 – He refused to meet the leader of the Union for a Popular Movement (UMP), Nicolas Sarkozy.


1 (20%) 1 vote