1821 – Born on August 16th in Richmond, Surrey, England. English mathematician and leader of the British school of pure mathematics that emerged in the 19th century.
1828 – He was educated at a small private school in Blackheath, followed by the three-year course at King’s College, London.
1838 – Cayley entered Trinity College, Cambridge.
1842 – Emerged as the champion student, the “Senior Wrangler” of his year.
1846 – Left the university to study the law at Lincoln’s Inn in London.
1849-1863 – Cayley practised law in London, while writing more than 300 mathematical papers in his spare time.
– In recognition of his mathematical work, he was elected to the Royal Society and presented with its Royal Medal seven years later.
– He accepted the Sadleirian professorship in mathematics at Cambridge—sacrificing his legal career in order to devote himself full-time to mathematical research.
– He married Susan Moline, the daughter of a country banker.
– Cayley made important contributions to the algebraic theory of curves and surfaces, group theory, linear algebra, graph theory, combinatorics, and elliptic functions. He formalized the theory of matrices. Among Cayley’s most important papers were his series of 10 “Memoirs on Quantics”.
1875 – The interested viewer may read an extract from the geometry article he wrote for the 9th edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica.
1876 – Cayley published his only book, An Elementary Treatise on Elliptic Functions, which drew out this widely studied subject from Jacobi’s point of view.
1882 – Cayley was awarded numerous honours, including the Copley Medal by the Royal Society. At various times he was president of the Cambridge Philosophical Society, the London Mathematical Society, the British Association for the Advancement of Science, and the Royal Astronomical Society.
1895 – Died on January 26th in Cambridge, Cambridgeshire.