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Cavour, Camillo Benso, Conte di

Born: 1810 AD
Died: 1861 AD
3.2 (63.33%) 24 votes

1810 – Born on August 10th in Turin, Piedmont, French Empire. Piedmontese statesman.

1824 – Marchese Michele had obtained for Camillo the appointment as personal page to Charles Albert.

1826 – He obtained a commission as lieutenant in the corps of engineers.

         – His military career began in the engineers. He was first stationed in Turin, then in various frontier posts, where fortifications were being constructed.

1830 – He was sent to Genoa, where he met Anna Giustiniani Schiaffino, an ardent advocate of ultrademocratic and republican ideas, whose salon was frequented by many members of the Carbonari, the secret revolutionary society whose guiding force then was Giuseppe Mazzini.

1831 – His father’s intervention helped to avert more serious consequences; in this case he was simply transferred to a remote mountain fort. It had become obvious, however, that he could no longer remain in the army, from which he resigned.

         – He was appointed mayor of a village south of Turin and also became the administrator of extensive holdings in the vicinity belonging to his uncles.

1834 – He wrote a memoir on poverty in Piedmont, which was published the following year in London in the Report from His Majesty’s Commissioners for inquiring into the Administration and practical Operation of the Poor Laws.

1835 – A second pamphlet on the history of the Poor Laws in England was edited and published by Cavour at Turin.

         – He began to engage in a fruitful series of enterprises that helped him to accumulate a considerable fortune. He also achieved a certain reputation with his writing.

1848 – Once elected a member of Parliament in June, however, he assumed an intermediate position between the conservatives and the revolutionaries, thus calling forth the enmity of both left and right.

1850 – He was offered the post of minister of agriculture and soon became the most active and influential member of the Cabinet.

1856 – Cavour secured the participation of the small power of Piedmont in the peace negotiations at the Congress of Paris, at which the greatest European powers were represented.

1858 – At a secret meeting at Plombières in July, Napoleon III and Cavour agreed to provoke a European war against Austria in the following year.

1860 – Cavour worked for the annexation of the central duchies that had formerly belonged to the ancient rulers of Piedmont; he was able to do this only by ceding Savoy and Nice to France.

1861 – Died on June 6th in Turin, Italy.

3.2 (63.33%) 24 votes