1858 – He was born on the 14th of October in Capacho, Táchira, Venezuela.
1892 – He entered politics and became the governor of his province of Táchira but was exiled to Colombia when the government in Caracas was overthrown.
1899 – He lived in Colombia for seven years, amassing a fortune in illegal cattle trading and recruiting a private army, with which he successfully attacked Caracas.
1902 – He refused to make payments on foreign debts, British, German, and Italian ships set up a blockade to force payment.
1908 – He left for Paris to seek medical aid, leaving the government in the hands of his lieutenant Gómez, the man who was instrumental in his victory of 1899.
1924 – He died on the 4th of December in San Juan, Puerto Rico.