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Casals, Pablo

Born: 1876 AD
Died: 1973 AD
Nationality: Spanish
Categories: Conductors

1876 – He was born on the 29th day of December in El Vendrell, Catalonia (Spain).


1888 – He enrolled in the Escola Municipal de Música.


1891 – He made prodigious progress as a cellist on February 23 of this year.


1890 – He gave a solo recital in Barcelona.


1892 – He graduated from the Escola with honors.

1893 – He was asked to play at informal concerts in the palace, and was granted a royal stipend to study composition at the Conservatory de Musica y Declamacion in Madrid with the master Víctor Mirecki.


1895 – He went to Paris, where, having lost his stipend from Catalonia, he earned a living by playing second cello in the theater orchestra of the Folies Marigny.


1896 – He returned to Catalonia and received an appointment to the faculty of the Escuela Municipal de Música in Barcelona.


1897 – He appeared as soloist with the Madrid Symphony Orchestra. He was awarded the Order of Carlos III from the Queen.


1899 – He played at The Crystal Palace in London, and later for Queen Victoria at her summer residence at Cowes, Isle of Wight.


1901 – He made his first tour of the United States.


1903 – He toured to South America.


1904 – He was invited to play at the White House for President Theodore Roosevelt.


1906 – He became associated with the talented young Portuguese cellist Guilhermina Suggia.


1937 – He organized a trio with the pianist Alfred Cortot and the violinist Jacques Thibaud; they played concerts and made recordings until this year.


1919 – He organized, in Barcelona, the Orquesta Pau Casals and led its first concert on the 13th day of October in 1920.


1926 – He was also a composer; perhaps his most effective work is La sardana (The Sardana), for an ensemble of cellos, which he composed this year.


1939 – He made sporadic appearances as a cellist in the unoccupied zone of southern France and in Switzerland


1961 – He took part in a concert of chamber music in the White House at the invitation of President John F Kennedy, whom he admired.


1950 – He resumed his career as conductor and cellist at the Prades Festival in Roussillon.


1966 – He continued leading the Prades Festivals until this year.


1956 – He made his permanent residence San Juan, Puerto Rico, where his mother had been born (when the island was still under Spanish rule).


1970 – He gave many master classes throughout the world in places like Zermat, Tuscany, Berkeley, and Marlboro Several of these events were televised.


1971 – He conducted its first performance in a special concert at the United Nations.


1973 – He wrote a memoir, Joys and Sorrows; Reflections in this year.


1973 – He died on 22nd day of October this year in San Juan, Puerto Rico.