1805 – Francesco Carrara was born.
– Carrara practiced law in Florence and Lucca, where he was soon engaged in debates about criminal law reform.
1848 – He was appointed to the chair of criminal law at the University of Lucca at Pisa.
– His principal work, written there, was the ten-volume Programma dal corso di diritto criminale. Synthesising Italian thought in criminal law since Beccaria, it also had significant influence abroad.
1840 – Carrara at first followed Mazzini, but came closer to more moderate liberal groups.
1863-1867 – He helped arrange the accession of Lucca to Tuscany, and, after Italian unification, was elected to Parliament.
1889 – He was an influential member of the commission preparing the Criminal Code of Italy, the Codice Zanardelli completed.
1888 – Carrara died at Lucca.