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Carey, William (the Father of Bengali Prose)

Born: 1761 AD
Died: 1834 AD, at 72 years of age.

Nationality: English
Categories: Poets

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1761 - Born on August 17th in Paulerspury, Northamptonshire, England. He was the founder of the English Baptist Missionary Society, lifelong missionary to India, and educator whose mission at Serampur set the pattern for modern missionary work. He has been called the “father of Bengali prose” for his grammars, dictionaries, and translations.

1783 - A Baptist, Carey served for several years as a pastor in Moulton, Northamptonshire, where he also taught school and continued his trade as a shoemaker.
 
1789 - He transferred to the Baptist church at Leicester.

1792 - He founded the English Baptist Missionary Society.

         - He published a pamphlet entitled "An Enquiry into the Obligations of Christians to Use Means for the Conversion of the Heathens", which led to his formation, with a dozen other ministers, of the English Baptist Missionary Society.

1793 - The new society's first missionaries, Carey and John Thomas, a doctor, went to Calcutta.

1794 - Carey removed himself from the society's financial support when he became superintendent at an indigo plant at Mudnabati, Bengal. There he also preached, taught, and began his first Bible translation.

1800 - Compelled to leave British-Indian territory, he and his family moved to the Danish colony of Frederiksnagar, near Calcutta. There he and Joshua Marshman and William Ward, collectively known as the “Serampore trio,” founded the mission described by the English philanthropist William Wilberforce as “one of the chief glories” of the British nation.

1801 - Appointed to teach Bengali, Sanskrit, and Marathi at Fort William College, Carey translated the Bible into Bengali, Oriya, Marathi, Hindi, Assamese, and Sanskrit.

1814-1832 - Carey edited and published two works of the horticulturist William Roxburgh, "Hortus Bengalensis" and "Flora Indica", and helped distribute prose texts for use in schools.

1834 - He died on June 9th in Frederiksnagar, India.

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Page last updated: 2:04am, 14th Mar '07