1779 – Lieutenant-Colonel John By, was an English military engineer, best remembered for supervising the construction of the Rideau Canal and, in the process, founding what would become the city of Ottawa. Born in Lambeth in London, England on the 7th of August.
1799 – Was commissioned in the Royal Artillery on the 1st of August.
– Transferred to the Royal Engineers on the 20th December.
1802 – He was posted to Canada for the first time, where he worked on the fortification of Quebec City and on improving the navigability of the Saint Lawrence River.
1811 – 1815 – During the Napoleonic wars he returned to Europe, where he served in Spain under the Duke of Wellington.
1826 – In view of his engineering experience in Canada, he was recalled and returned to Canada to supervise the construction of the Rideau Canal. Since the canal was to begin in the wild and sparsely populated Ottawa River valley, his first task was the construction of a town to house the men who were to work on the canal, and associated services. The resulting settlement, called Bytown in his honour, would later become famous under the new name of Ottawa.
1836 – Died and was buried in the village of Frant in East Sussex in the South East of England on the 1st of February.