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Burton, Richard Francis, Sir

Born: 1821 AD
Died: 1890 AD
1.5 (30%) 4 votes

1821 – Born on the 19th of March 19, 1821 in Devonshire, England.

1840 – He had become fluent in French, Italian, and the Béarnais and Neapolitan dialects, as well as in Greek and Latin.

1842 – He went to India as subaltern officer in the 18th Regiment of Bombay Native Infantry during England’s war with the Sindh.

1853 – He went to Cairo, Suez, and Medina, then traveled the bandit-ridden route to the sacred city of Mecca, where at great risk he measured and sketched the mosque and holy Muslim shrine, the Kabah.

1855 – Burton had become fascinated by the idea of discovering the source of the White Nile and planned an expedition with three officers of the British East India Company, including John Hanning Speke, intending to push across Somaliland.

1857-1858 – The Crimean War over, he turned again to the Nile search, leading an expedition inland from Zanzibar with John Speke.

1860 – His Lake Regions of Central Africa attacked Speke’s claims and exacerbated their by then public feud.

1860 – Burton went off unexpectedly to the United States, where he traveled by stagecoach to the Mormon capital, Salt Lake City.

1864 – Burton was invited to debate with Speke before the British Association for the Advancement of Science.

1869-1870 – He wrote a book on the highlands of Brazil and translated Vikram and the Vampire, or Tales of Hindu Devilry.

1872 Burton reluctantly accepted the consulate at Trieste, and although he considered it an ignominious exile, he eventually came to cherish it as his home.

1886 – In February Burton won belated recognition for his services to the crown when Queen Victoria made him Knight Commander of St. Michael and St. George.

1890 – Died on the 20th of October in Trieste, Austria Hungary.

1.5 (30%) 4 votes