1811 – William Budd was born into a strongly medical family. English country doctor whose observations on typhoid fever had far-reaching consequences.
1838 – Budd proceeded to Edinburgh, where he gained an MD and Gold Medal for a study on acute rheumatism.
1839 – Budd unsuccessfully submitted an essay that included this information to a medical competition. It was titled ‘The investigation of the sources of the common continued fevers of Great Britain and Ireland, and the ascertaining of the circumstances which may have a tendency to render them communicable from one person to another’.
1842 – Budd settled in Bristol where he became physician to St Peter’s Hospital and to the Bristol Royal Infirmary.
1849 – He became responsible for the water supplies in Bristol, he concluded that cholera was spread from person to person in similar fashion. In consequence the Bristol water supplies were improved.
1859 – Budd’s observations on typhoid in the Taw Valley finally emerged in The Lancet, under the title ‘On Intestinal Fever’.
1863 – Typhoid fever broke out at the Convent of the Good Shepherd in Arno’s Court, near Bristol.
1869 – Budd devised a placard for placement in areas of epidemics, it recommended liberal use of disinfectants including chloride of lime into drains and privies and advised that the hands of the attendants should be frequently washed with disinfectant solutions.
1873 – Budd’s main work, Typhoid Fever, was published long after his original rural observations in North Tawton.
– Budd’s health broke down and he was compelled to withdraw from professional work.
1880 – He died—the year in which the typhoid bacillus was isolated.