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Buchner, Georg

Born: 1813 AD
Died: 1837 AD
Nationality: German
Categories: Authors, Dramatist, Playwrights

1813 – Born on October 17th in Goddelau, Hesse-Darmstadt (Germany). German dramatist, a major forerunner of the Expressionist school of playwriting of the early 20th century.

1830-1934 – Caught up in the movement inspired by the Paris uprising, Büchner published a pamphlet in Giessen calling for economic and political revolution, and he also founded a radical society.

1835 – His first play, Dantons Tod (“Danton’s Death”), is a drama of the French Revolution that is suffused with deep pessimism.

1836 – He escaped arrest by fleeing to Strasbourg and became a lecturer in natural science at the University of Zürich.

         – Leonce und Lena, a satire on the nebulous nature of Romantic ideas, shows the influence of Alfred de Musset and Clemens Brentano.

1837 – Died on February 19th in Zürich, Switzerland.

1879 – His last work, Woyzeck (posthumously published), which remained a fragment, anticipated the social drama of the 1890s with its compassion for the poor and oppressed.