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Bruce, James (Earl of Elgin and Kincardine)

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Born: 1730 AD
Died: 1794 AD, at 63 years of age.

Nationality: Unknown
Categories: Writers

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1730 – He was born on the 14th day of December of this year at Kinniard, Stirlingshire and educated at Harrow School and Edinburgh University.

 

1754 – His wife was died October of this year, within nine months of marriage, and Bruce thereafter travelled in Portugal and Spain.

 

1758 – His father's death placed him in possession of the estate of Kinnaird on this year.

 

1762 - He submitted to the British government a plan for an attack on Ferrol on this year.

 

1763 - He spent six months in Italy studying antiquities and reached Algiers in March of this year.

 

1765 – He began his exploration of the Roman ruins in Barbary, August of this year.

 

1768 - He arrived at Alexandria June of this year, having resolved to endeavour to discover the source of the Nile, which he believed to rise in Ethiopia

 

1769 - He reached Jidda in May of this year, and after a stay in Arabia he recrossed the Red Sea and landed at Massawa, then in possession of the Turks, on the 19th of  September.

 

1770 - He reached Gondar, then the capital of Ethiopia, on the 14th day of February of this year, where he was well received by the nYgusä nägäst Tekle Haymanot II, by Ras Mikael Sehul, the real ruler of the country, by Ozoro Esther, wife of the Ras, and by the Ethiopians generally.

 

1771 – He made his way on this year after setting out from Gondar in December , in spite of enormous difficulties, by Sennar to Nubia, being the first to trace the Blue Nile to its confluence with the White Nile.

 

1772 – He reached Aswan on the 29th of November of this year, presently returning to the desert to recover his journals and his baggage, which had been abandoned in consequence of the death of all his camels.

 

1773 – He arrived in France, March of this year, where he was welcomed by Buffon and other savants.

 

1774 - He came to London in this year, but, offended by the incredulity with which his story was received, retired to his home at Kinnaird.

 

1790 - He published his Travels to Discover the Source of the Nile, In the Years 1768, 1769,1770, 1771, 1772 and 1773, but was assailed by other travellers as being unworthy of credence of this year.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


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Page last updated: 12:48pm, 03rd May '07