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Briand, Aristide

Born: 1862 AD
Died: 1932 AD
Nationality: French
Categories: Diplomat, Ministers, Politician, Prime Ministers

1862 – Born on March 28th in Nantes, France.

1901-1902 – He became secretary-general of the French Socialist Party and was elected to Chamber of Deputies.

1904 – He joined with Jean Jaurés to establish the left-wing newspaper, L’Humanité.

1909 – Briand became prime minister and horrified his former socialist colleagues when he broke up a railway stoppage by calling up some of the strikers for military service. Briand further upset the left-wing by supporting the extension of compulsory military service.

1910-1911 – He lost power in November but returned to office briefly.

1915 – The French president, Raymond Poincare appointed Briand as prime minister.

1917 – Briand backed the Nivelle Offensive and when this failed, the resignation of Hubert Lyautey in November, brought the government down. Briand was now replaced by his long-time rival, Georges Clemenceau, as prime minister.

1925 – He was the foreign minister of Fance.

1926 – Briand became a great supporter of international pacifism through the League of Nations. He also championed Franco-German reconciliation and shared the Nobel Peace Prize with Gustav Stresemann.

1928 – He and Frank. B. Kellogg signed the Kellogg-Briand Pact (Pact of Paris). The treaty outlawed war between France and the United States. The US Senate ratified it and over the next few years forty-six nations signed a similar agreement committing themselves to peace.

1932 – Died on March 7th in Paris, France.