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Brachet, Auguste

Born: 1909 AD
Died: 1998 AD
Nationality: Belgian
Categories: Biochemist

1909 – Born on the 19th of March in Ettebeek, Belgium. He was a Belgian biochemist who made a key contribution in understanding the role of RNA.

1933 – Brachet was able to show that DNA was found in chromosomes and that RNA was present in the cytoplasm of all cells.

       – His work with Torbjörn Caspersson showed that RNA plays an active role in protein synthesis.

       – Brachet also carried out pioneering work in the field of cell differentiation.

      – Brachet later demonstrated papers that differentiation is preceded by the formation of new ribosomes and accompanied by the release from the nucleus of a wave of new messenger RNA.  

1934 – He studied and graduated medicine at the University of Brussels.

       – He then worked at the University of Cambridge and at Princeton University and at several institutes of marine biological research.

      – Brachet was appointed Professor of Animal Morphology and General Biology at the Université Libre de Bruxelles and Research Director of the International Laboratory for Genetics and Biophysics in Naples.

     – He published many articles and four books.

1948 – Jean Brachet was awarded the Francqui Prize for Biological and Medical Sciences.

1998 – He died this year.