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Borst, Lyle Benjamin

Born: 1912 AD
Died: 2002 AD
Nationality: American
Categories: Physicists

1912 – Born on November 24th in Chicago. American nuclear physicist, who was an early member of the Manhattan Project and later led the construction of Brookhaven National Laboratory nuclear reactor, the first reactor solely for "peacetime" uses of atomic energy.

1942 – Dr. Borst was a research associate at the metallurgical laboratory in Chicago, where Dr. Enrico Fermi conducted the first self-sustaining nuclear chain reaction.

1945 – Speaking in support of an atomic energy control bill in front of Congress, Dr. Borst said he helped start the Federation of Atomic Scientists "to create a realization of the dangers that this nation and all civilization will face if the tremendous destructive potential of nuclear energy is misused".

         – He became a professor of physics at the University of Utah and helped design the university’s small nuclear reactor.

1950 – He supervised the construction of the nation’s largest atomic reactor at the Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York.

         – Dr. Borst announced that it had produced a new type of radioactive iodine, which is used in treating thyroid cancer.

1952 – Dr. Borst helped explain the mystery behind giant stars, known as supernovae, that burst with the energy of billions of atomic bombs and flare for several years with the brilliance of several million suns.

1961 – Dr. Borst discovered that a "Manhattan District Project" in Sparta made steel in large quantities as early as 650 B.C.

         – Dr. Borst taught at New York University and the State University of New York at Buffalo, and was a member of the National Board of the American Civil Liberties Union.

2002 – Died on July 30th in Williamsville, New York.