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Bogardus, James

Born: 1800 AD
Died: 1874 AD
Nationality: American
Categories: Architects, Inventor

1808 – James Bogardus was born on the 14th of March in Catskill, New York.

 

1814 – At the age of fourteen to start an apprenticeship at a watchmaker.

 

1828 – Invented the "ring flier" for cotton-spinning.

 

1829 – He devised an eccentric mill, in which the grinding-stones or plates run in the same direction with nearly equal speed.

 

1831 – He made an engraving-machine with which gold watch-dials could be made.

 

         – He invented the transfer-machine for producing bank-note plates from separate dies.

 

1832 – He invented the first dry gas-metre.

 

1836 – By giving a rotary motion to the machinery he invented in 1832, he made it applicable to all rent fluids. When he was in England, he produced a metallic engraving-machine which engraves portraits of the queen, Sir Robert Peel, and distinguished persons.

 

         – In London, he agreed to construct a machine for engine-turning that would copy all kinds of known machine engraving, but could not imitate its own work.

 

1939 – In 1939, the British government offered a reward for the best plan of manufacturing postage-stamps. His submission was selected from among 2,600 competing designs.

 

         – He also invented machines for pressing glass, appliances for shirring India-rubber fabrics, and for cutting India-rubber into fine threads.

 

1847 – He built a factory in New York City made entirely of cast-iron, five stories high. As he was successful in this undertaking, it led him to engage in the business of erecting iron-ware buildings throughout the country.

 

1848 – He patented a sun-and-planet horse-power, and a dynamometer for measuring the speed and power of machinery while in motion.

 

         – He also invented a pyrometer of great delicacy, and a deep-sea sounding-machine, and also made numerous improvements in the manufacture of tools and machinery.

 

1874 – He died on the 13th of April in New York City.