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Blanchard, Jean Pierre Francois

Born: 1753 AD
Died: 1809 AD
2.4 (48%) 5 votes

1753 – Born on July 4th in Les Andelys, France. French balloonist who, with the American physician John Jeffries, made the first aerial crossing of the English Channel.

         – He was also the first to make balloon flights in England, North America, Germany, Belgium, and Poland.

1770 – Blanchard worked on the design of heavier-than-air flying machines, notably one based upon a theory of rowing in the air currents with oars and tiller.

1783 – Following the demonstrations of hot-air-balloon flying by the Montgolfier brothers in Annonay, France, Blanchard took up ballooning.

1784 – Blanchard made his first ascent on March 2nd.

1785 – He and Jeffries ascended over Dover, England. The two aviators were compelled to heave all cargo overboard except the package of the first international airmail, delivered successfully upon their safe landing in the Felmores Forest, France.

1793 – Blanchard made the first balloon flight in North America, on January 9th, when he ascended from the Washington Prison Yard in Philadelphia and landed in Gloucester county, New Jersey.

1808 – Blanchard suffered a heart attack on a flight over The Hague in February and fell more than 50 feet; he never recovered from the fall.

1809 – Died on March 7th in Paris.

2.4 (48%) 5 votes