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Bishop, Elizabeth

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Born: 1911 AD
Died: 1979 AD, at 68 years of age.

Nationality: American
Categories: Authors, Novelists, Poets, Writers

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1911 - Elizabeth Bishop born on the 8th of February in Worcester, Massachusetts, U.S. American Pulitzer-Prize winning poet known for her polished, witty, descriptive verse. Her short stories and her poetry first were published in The New Yorker and other magazines. Bishop was reared by her maternal grandparents in Nova Scotia and by an aunt in Boston.

1934 - Graduated from Vassar College.

1946 - Her first book of poems, North & South, captures the divided nature of Bishop's allegiances: born in New England and reared there and in Nova Scotia, she eventually migrated to hotter regions.

1949 - 1950 - She was consultant in poetry at the Library of Congress, now poet laureate consultant in poetry.

1950 - 1960 - She lived with Lota de Macedo Soares in Petrópolis, near the city of Rio de Janeiro, later dividing the year between Petrópolis and San Francisco.

1955 - Her book was reprinted, with additions, as North & South: A Cold Spring, and it won a Pulitzer Prize.

1962 - She also wrote a travel book, Brazil, and translated from the Portuguese Alice Brant's Brazilian classic, The Diary of Helena Morley.

1965 - Her later books addressed the frigid-tropical dichotomy of a New England conscience in a tropical sphere. Questions of Travel.

1969 - The latter collection includes some of Bishop's best-known poems, among them “In the Waiting Room,” “Crusoe in England,” and the exquisite villanelle “One Art.” A collection entitled The Complete Poems was published.

1970 - 1977 - She taught writing at Harvard University.

1972 -  She edited and translated An Anthology of Twentieth-Century Brazilian Poetry.

1976 - The poetry Geography III offer spare, powerful meditations on the need for self-exploration, on the value of art especially poetry in human life, and on human responsibility in a chaotic world.

       - She was elected to the American Academy of Arts and Letters.

1983 - 1984 - Her posthumously published volumes include The Complete Poems, and The Collected Prose.

1994 - A collection of her letters was published under the title One Art.

1996 - She also was an artist, and Exchanging Hats is a collection of more than 50 of her paintings.

1979 - Died on the 6th of October in Boston, Massachusetts.

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Page last updated: 11:58am, 14th Mar '07