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Biko, Bantu Stephen (Steve, Steven)

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Born: 1956 AD
Died: 1977 AD, at 20 years of age.

Nationality: South African
Categories: Activists

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1946 - Born on the 18th of December in King William's Town, South Africa.

       - Founder of South Africa's Black Consciousness Movement.

1966 - After being expelled from high school for political activism, Biko enrolled in and graduated  from St. Francis College, a liberal boarding school in Natal, and then entered the University of Natal Medical School.

       - There he became involved in the multiracial National Union of South African Students (NUSAS), a moderate organization that had long espoused the rights of blacks.

1967 -  He soon grew disenchanted with NUSAS, believing that, instead of simply allowing blacks to participate in white South African society, the society itself needed to be restructured around the culture of the black majority.

1968 - He cofounded the all-black South African Students' Organization (SASO) and became its first president the following year.

       - SASO was based on the philosophy of black consciousness, which encouraged blacks to recognize their inherent dignity and self-worth.

1970 - The Black Consciousness Movement spread from university campuses into urban black communities throughout South Africa.

1973 - He drew official censure, when he and other SASO members were banned; their associations, movements, and public statements were thereby restricted.

1975 - He then operated covertly, establishing the Zimele Trust Fund to help political prisoners and their families.

1977 - On the 18th of August, he and a fellow activist were seized at a roadblock and jailed in Port Elizabeth.

       - Biko was found naked and shackled outside a hospital in Pretoria, 740 miles (1,190 km) away, on September 11th and died the next day of a massive brain hemorrhage.

       - He died on the 12th of September in Pretoria, South Africa.


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Page last updated: 11:01am, 10th Aug '07