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Bier, August Karl Gustav

Born: 1861 AD
Died: 1949 AD, at 87 years of age.

Nationality: German
Categories: Surgeon


1861 - August Karl Gustav Bier was born on the 24th of November in Helsen, which is near Arolsen in the Dukedom of Waldeck. German pioneer of spinal anaesthesia.

         - Bier became a professor at the Charité in Berlin.

1881 - He made his "Abitur" on the "Alte Landesschule" (Old School of the State Waldeck) in Korbach, the capital of Waldeck.

1889 - He became professor and began his career in Kiel.

         - There he made experiments with his assistants and on himself with a solution of cocaine he injected into the spinal channel.

1898 - Performed the first planned spinal aneasthetic on his assistant, Dr. Hildebrandt.

         - Bier pioneered the use of intravenous procaine analgesia. He also introduced the "tin helmet" into the German Army in World War One.

         - He invented spinal anesthesiology and he implemented lumbar anesthesiology at the University-hospital at Kiel.

1908 - Pioneered the use of intravenous procaine analgesia.

1936 - He promoted callisthenics and the "Studiengemeinschaft für tierärztliche Homöopathie" [Study Group for Veterinary Homeopathy], founded to investigate the alleged systemic effects of homeopathic drugs.

1949 - He died on the 12th of March in Sauen, Brandenburg.


Page last updated: 2:34pm, 07th Aug '07