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Bianchini, Francesco

Born: 1662 AD
Died: 1729 AD
Nationality: Italian
Categories: Astronomers, Scientist

1662 – Born on the 13th of December in Verona, Italy. He was an Italian astronomer.

       – At first he devoted himself to the study of mathematics, physics, and astronomy; later he also took a course in theology.

1684 – He transferred his residence to Rome, where he found at once a protector in Cardinal Pietro Ottoboni, of whose library he became custodian.

       – When the cardinal became Pope Alexander VIII, he still extended his favours to Bianchini; after Alexander’s death, his nephew, also Cardinal Pietro Ottoboni, lodged the scholar in his own palace.

       – Received also many honours and commissions of trust from succeeding popes.

1697-1735 – His chief works are: "Two Dissertations on the Calendar and the Cycle of Julius Caesar, and the Paschal Canon of St. Hippolytus" (Rome); "A Solution of the Paschal Problem" (Rome); one volume of "A Universal History" (Rome); an edition of the "Liber Pontoficalis" in four volumes, three of which were edited by himself (Rome), and the fourth by his nephew, Giuseppe Bianchini (Rome).

1699 – He was advanced to deaconship, but never became a priest.

1703 – He was elected president of the society devoted to the study of historical antiquities; he was made secretary of the commission for the reform of the calendar and he was sent to Paris with the cardinal’s hat destined for Rohan Soubise.

       – During this journey he was received everywhere with consideration by the learned. The University of Oxford furnished the expenses of his sojourn in England.

1725 – Benedict XIII, appointed him historiographer of the synod held at the Lateran, Rome.

       – He was a member of many learned academies in Italy and elsewhere. He was distinguished for "a great purity of life and an exceeding modesty of mind", as the canons of St. Mary Major expressed it in his epitaph.

1729 – He died on the 2nd of March in Rome, Italy.